• Overview,  Research

    The Scientific Study of Consciousness

    Vedic texts divide experience into the seer, the seen, and the seeing. We can also call these the knower, the known, and the knowing. What we commonly call ‘consciousness’ is the process of seeing or knowing. This seeing or knowing is a property of the soul—the seer or the knower—but it operates under the knower’s control. Thus, the knower is distinct from consciousness, by which it knows. Then, the knower is called the ‘enjoyer’, the known is called the ‘enjoyed’, and knowing is called ‘enjoying’. Based on this, we can understand the technical nomenclature of sat, chit, and ānanda. The ānanda is the enjoyer, the chit is the enjoyed, and…

  • Philosophy,  Religion

    Consciousness Has a Gender

    In the previous post, we discussed how matter is also consciousness, although a different type of consciousness. We identified three types of consciousness—God, soul, and matter—and discussed their natures. This post extends that discussion and identifies three genders associated with the three types of consciousness—masculine, feminine, and neutral. God has a dominantly masculine gender; His Sakti has a dominantly feminine gender; and the soul has a dominantly neutral gender. These genders arise due to the differences in their desires. However, when the soul becomes subordinate to God, then it also develops a masculine desire and gender, and when the soul becomes subordinate to God’s Sakti, then it also develops a…

  • Philosophy,  Religion

    Matter is Also Consciousness

    The modern scientific study of matter arose out of the mind-body duality created by Descartes, who wanted to separate the endeavors of the Church (i.e. religion) from those of a rational-empirical inquiry (i.e. science). Similar kinds of dualities have existed in Vedic philosophy too. For example, in Advaita philosophy, Brahman is conscious but matter or māyā is jada or inert. Many Vaishnava philosophical systems also distinguish between soul and matter as chit and achit or conscious and non-conscious. However, these doctrines go contrary to the timeless traditions of treating matter as Sakti, Durga, Devi, etc. In light of these contradictions, we must reconsider the idea that matter is non-conscious.